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Volume 10, Issue 1

Impact of Family Participation on Vaccination Decisions During the Outbreak: An Online Questionnaire Survey of Taiwanese People
Review Article
COVID-19 is the most alarming public health crisis of the century. There have been many studies related to vaccine hesitancy to date. However, most of these studies discussed the influencing factors of vaccination decision-making from a micro level. Further, the influence of the relationship networks on personal decision-making was seldom addressed. This study mainly aimed to explore the acceptance level of the COVID-19 vaccine and its relationship with family participation among the Taiwanese population. An independently-developed questionnaire was used to conduct an online cross-sectional survey during Taiwan’s Level 3 alert period from June 30 to July 30, 2021. The study participants were people over 18 years of age and lived in Taiwan. A total of 1 108 participants were ultimately included in the analysis, and the logistic regression model was used for analysis. The study results showed that during Level 3 alert period, the vaccine acceptance level was high in Taiwan, with an overall 88.62% of the participants expressing their willingness to get vaccinated. The COVID-19 vaccination decision (willingness or undecided) was not associated with age, education level, or gender but with family members’ participation and participation level. The odds of “participants who would discuss with their families” was 0.596 times that of “participants who do not discuss with their families.” Therefore, for a unit increase in the family participation scale score, the odds of being willing to be vaccinated would decrease by 0.789. Specifically, the odds would be reduced by (0.454-1)*100% = 54.6%.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2022, 10(1), 39-45. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-10-1-5
Pub. Date: January 20, 2022
2722 Views6 Downloads
Corporate Governance against Systematic Risk during COVID-19 -- Empirical Findings Based on fs/QCA
Original Research
Based on samples of listed Chinese companies, we use fuzzy-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fs/QCA) to explore the relationship between corporate governance and systematic risk during COVID-19. Our findings are as follows: 1) Good corporate governance can slash the impact of systematic risk, and state-owned enterprises (SOEs) are more resistant to systematic risk. 2) Enterprises with both good board and ownership structures can reduce systematic risk by enhancing the benign interaction with stakeholders through information disclosure, a deed that will, on the contrary, increase business risks. 3) If the members of the board have the concept of governance and related professional background, there is no need to increase the proportion of independent directors. 4) The higher the shareholding ratio of the top ten shareholders or the more dispersed overall equity of a company, the more significantly positive effect on stabilizing its operation; a poorly operated enterprise may diminish its operation risks by increasing the proportion of institutional shareholders and inviting them to participate in the company’s operation. Based on the above findings, we put forward corresponding suggestions for enterprises and regulators.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2022, 10(1), 30-38. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-10-1-4
Pub. Date: January 11, 2022
1890 Views4 Downloads
Beneficiary Needs Assessment on Implementation of Devolved Road Construction Projects in Kisumu East Sub-County, Kisumu County, Kenya
Original Research
In Kenya, the potential for road improvements is enormous. The government has accelerated the construction of road infrastructure, resulting in a safer transportation system. There is a dearth of strong beneficiary monitoring measures to assist the implementation of road development projects and to promote accountability. As a result, it is clear that contract documentation does not take into account the requirement of beneficiary monitoring for effective implementation of roads construction projects. This loophole has contributed to challenges in implementation of road projects including scope creep, cost overruns, design issues, delay in land acquisition, and resettlement of project affected persons, shifting of utilities, very weak contract management and enforcement environment. The purpose of this study was to examine how beneficiary monitoring influences the implementation of county government devolved road construction projects in Kisumu east sub county, Kisumu county. The study’s objectives was; to assess the extent to which beneficiary needs assessment influences the implementation of County government devolved road construction projects in Kisumu East sub county, Kisumu county, Kenya. The study was based on a descriptive survey. The study's target population is 1100. The study used Krejcie and Morgan table to arrive at sample size of 285. Probability sampling was conducted using simple random sampling, while non-probability sampling was conducted using purposive sampling techniques. Self-administered questionnaires was used to collect data. To ensure validity and reliability of the research instruments, pilot testing was conducted using a sample of 29 respondents from Bondo Sub County, Siaya County. Cronbach’s alpha at α =0.80 was attained as the reliability coefficient of the pre-tested instruments for respondents piloted. Descriptive statistics applied included frequencies, percentages, mean, and standard deviation. Inferential statistics used correlation and Analysis of variance (ANOVA) to test for the hypotheses. hypothesis was tested at α=0.05 level of significance and the results was. There is no significant relationship between Beneficiary needs assessment and implementation of County government devolved road construction projects was rejected since P=0.000<0.05It is concluded that beneficiary needs assessment significantly influence implementation of devolved road construction projects. It is recommended that Kisumu East Sub County monitoring officers develops and implements a beneficiary needs assessment and visibility plan for enhancing sustainable implementation of devolved road construction projects in Kisumu East Sub County, Kisumu County.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2022, 10(1), 20-29. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-10-1-3
Pub. Date: January 07, 2022
1895 Views6 Downloads
Exploring the Environmental Cost of Water Resources: A Case Study
Original Research
In recent years, the effects of climate change have become more significant, and extreme climate events such as super storms, droughts, and heatwaves have occurred frequently around the world. While we are cognizant of the limitations and uncertainties associated with water resources, management agencies seek the effective use of water resources to support national economic development. This study adopts multiple approaches with cases study to demonstrate the measurement of environmental costs of water resources and to provide a sound framework for water accounting information system. The paper would contribute to the field of the management and sustainable development of water resources.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2022, 10(1), 13-19. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-10-1-2
Pub. Date: January 07, 2022
3193 Views4 Downloads
Using Patent Forward Citation for Discriminating Stock Price in China Stock Market
Original Research
Based on the company integrated database, thousands of China listed companies of RMB common stocks (A-shares) from 2016 to 2020 were studied. The impact of the forward citation count on the stock price was thoroughly analyzed via ANOVA. The patent interval of six years showed its preferable significance for retrieving patents and calculating the forward citation count. The forward citation count was good for discriminating the stock price. However, the result did not agree previous studies because the A-shares having patents but receiving no forward citations were proved to have the highest stock price mean whereas the A-shares receiving forward citation counts above the average had the lowest stock price mean no matter before or under the impact of COVID-19. The positive effect of the forward citation on the stock price did not show. The finding would improve the understanding of China patents and the innovation outcome of China A-shares over recent years.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2022, 10(1), 1-12. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-10-1-1
Pub. Date: December 12, 2021
3907 Views5 Downloads