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Volume 11, Issue 4

Social Capital and Employment: Evidence using Kenyan data
Original Research
The contribution of social capital to employment has not been accorded much attention in literature. Filling this gap and supporting employment policy, this study investigates the influence of social capital on employment using cross-sectional household data from Kenya. Social capital supports the symmetric flow of labor information as an innovative tool that allocates and distributes labor market information to individuals within the working-age population (15-64). We apply data from the 2015/16 Kenya Integrated Household Budget Survey to the left-censored Tobit and OLS estimators. By using the Control Function Approach, our results control for both endogeneity and heterogeneity and are empirically robust. The findings indicate that social capital positively and significantly supports employment and may complement human educational capital, which alone may be inadequate in linking individuals to available job opportunities, especially in presence information asymmetry. We further observe that hours worked increase with the prevailing wage rate, males work for longer hours than females in an ordinary week, and relatively younger individuals work for more hours than their somewhat older counterparts.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2023, 11(4), 266-271. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-11-4-6
Pub. Date: August 28, 2023
356 Views17 Downloads
Exploring Climate for Innovation in the Telecommunications Industry in an Emerging Market Context
Original Research
Innovation management has aroused interest of practitioners and researchers in recent years. It is crucial for organisations to create and foster a climate for innovation to enhance employees’ innovativeness. It is important to identify the practices, policies and procedures that enable organisations to implement new ideas. Thus, the aim of this research is to investigate and identify dimensions of climate for innovation within an emerging market, namely the Egyptian telecommunications industry. This study contributes to the innovation management literature by identifying further dimensions of climate for innovation that foster organisation innovativeness in a real-life setting.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2023, 11(4), 254-265. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-11-4-5
Pub. Date: August 25, 2023
333 Views5 Downloads
Effects of the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism on Enterprises’ Export Capabilities
Original Research
In 2021, the EU proposed the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) to handle CO2 emissions in international commerce and mitigate climate change’s effects on the global economy. The CBAM modifies tariffs on imported commodities to prevent low-carbon nations from profiting from the efforts of other countries to reduce emissions, thereby leveling the playing field between nations with and without carbon pricing. This study investigates the effects of the CBAM on the global economy and export capacity. Data from the World Trade Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Taiwan Economic Journal, and the World Bank from 1990 to 2021 were analyzed using artificial intelligence techniques to identify factors related to society, the environment, infrastructure, government efficiency, macroeconomics, trade finance, and innovation technology that significantly affect CO2 emissions per capita. A positive correlation was observed between CO2 emissions and gross domestic product; economic development tends to increase CO2 emissions. The prevalence of diabetes is identified as a significant factor in the European Union and elsewhere. In addition, high CO2 emissions, exacerbating climate change, can affect the production and availability of food as well as indirectly cause health concerns such as diabetes. However, sustainable development can cause CO2 emissions to stabilize or decrease in certain cases. In addition, the analysis revealed that Japan, the United States, and Australia have screened CO2 emission factors and pay attention to the environment and energy-saving technology. Agricultural land is also a key target for reducing emissions, and carbon tariffs can be used to incentivize the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in the agricultural sector. The results of this study have practical value and can guide decision-makers, including governments, businesses, scholars, and stakeholders, in balancing functional and performance indicators during decision-making.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2023, 11(4), 245-253. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-11-4-4
Pub. Date: August 20, 2023
842 Views5 Downloads
Assessment of the Quality of Public Services in the Period of the Forth Industrial Revolution: The case in Binh Duong Province
Original Research
The strong transformation of the country in the context of socialist-oriented market economy development and international economic integration poses new needs and challenges. Therefore, the renewal of roles and responsibilities of the State administrative apparatus in the management and operation of state administrative agencies in order to improve the quality of public service delivery to meet the increasing requirements of the country is an important task that needs to be focused and addressed. Binh Duong is a pioneer province in the process of applying digital transformation to public service delivery with many advantages in 2022 and is evaluated at a high rank on the PAPI and SIPAS indexes. The article focuses on clarifying the current state of public service delivery in Binh Duong and proposes recommendations to improve service quality through the SERVQUAL model of Panasuraman et al .
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2023, 11(4), 240-244. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-11-4-3
Pub. Date: August 18, 2023
377 Views3 Downloads
Strategic Leadership, Strategic Resources Allocation, Strategic Incentive and Performance of Public Secondary Schools in Bungoma, County.Kenya
Original Research
Education is the social pillar of the vision 2030 hence education gets the highest budget. The education sector got 32.6% of the Kenyan national budget of the financial year 2022/23 to finance its activities, which was the largest share, yet performance of public schools has not been impressive. The schools have implemented strategic plans, they have service charter delivery and have set targets geared towards performance but it is still unrewarding. This study objectives were to established how strategic leadership, strategic resource allocation and strategic incentives affected performance of public secondary schools in Bungoma County, Kenya. This research utilized the resource based and the capability theory, behavioral leadership theory, expectancy variables were anchored by the balance score card model, Resource Based View, Dynamic Capability Theory, Leadership Behavioural Theory and Expectancy Value Theory. The researcher used descriptive survey design; the sample size was 101 respondents. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis models. The results indicated that strategic leadership had significant effect on performance in public schools in Bungoma County. Strategic resource allocation had a significant and positive effect on performance of public schools in Bungoma County and the strategy of incentive had a significant effect on the performance of public schools in Bungoma County. The researchers recommends that school managers should provide strategic leadership and ensure that strategic plans are executed within the allocated resources, school managers disseminate messages on the strategic plans effectively to the staff and ensure incentives are provided to those who meet the set targets so that there is successful implementation of strategic plans which can translate to greater productivity among teachers and students.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2023, 11(4), 229-239. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-11-4-2
Pub. Date: August 16, 2023