Volume 5, Issue 4

The Impact of Formal and Informal Communication in Organizations a Case Study of Government and Private Organizations in Gilgit-Baltistan
Original Research
Organizations, nowadays are working in a competitive environment, where they are associated with different types of learning environments. Informal learning has also a great source of gaining a competitive edge over other organizations. Employees within any organization are in contact with informal learning other than their formal practices. Every type of organization has an informal learning environment where informal learning may be the cause of gaining an advantage, so the aim of this research is to find out the impact of informal learning and its impact of performance of employees. Either it has an influence on the enhancement of skills, behavior and attitude of employees or not. For the research study, organizations (governmental and non-governmental) of Gilgit-Baltistan are selected. A sample of 20 from these organizations, Karakoram International University (KIU) as governmental organization and Aga Khan Planning and Building Services Pakistan (AKPBSP) as non-governmental organization, has been selected to conduct the study. Questionnaires have been distributed among the employees of the stated organizations who gave their responses. These responses became fruitful in analyzing and interpretation of the data. After the analyses and interpretation of the data, it has been concluded that informal learning has a greater influence on the performance of employees of organizations.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2017, 5(4), 139-144. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-5-4-5
Pub. Date: December 29, 2017
11550 Views1911 Downloads1 Likes
Impact of Family Business on Economic Development: A Study of Spain’s Family-owned Supermarkets
Original Research
Family-owned businesses are the backbone of many economies around the world. This research aims at exploring the overall contribution of the family-owned supermarkets to the economic development of Spain. The secondary data has been used throughout this research paper to meet this objective. For this reason, we systematically examine previous research on these topics of family business. The findings show that there is a significant contribution of family-owned supermarkets to the economic development of Spain. Additionally, we identify future research areas that provide scholars opportunities to push theoretical boundaries and offer further insights into the family business.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2017, 5(4), 129-138. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-5-4-4
Pub. Date: December 21, 2017
9380 Views2535 Downloads10 Likes
Evaluation of Dormitory-Based Pre-Service Teacher Education Program and Improvement of Personality Competence
Original Research
Implementation of boarding school system is based on the consideration to achieve the goal of more holistic education, so as to produce graduates who not only excel in academic but also personality or character. The boarding system as an integral part of pre-service teacher education process serves as a vehicle for character formation, the cultivation of religious moral values, and academic enrichment. The focus of this research is on the product aspect, which is to measure, interpret, and evaluate the result of the dormitory program for students of UPH Faculty of Education in improving the teacher's competence in the field of character and personality. By using the model of CIPP program evaluation, the research results showed that the dormitory program from 2013-2015 was quite satisfactory in shaping the personality of pre-service teachers. Pre-service teachers and alumni of UPH Faculty of Education from the class of 2013-2015 opined and have found that dormitory program was very helpful in training the implementation of discipline, responsibility, independence, and thoughtfulness both during the time they were still students and when they have become teachers in their own classroom paying attention to each student, responding to students¡¯ mistakes, and even addressing issues faced with fellow co-workers. If it is seen from the attitude of students expected from the dormitory program, which are the thoughtfulness and responsibility of the students that are in the good category, then this is in line with the result of personality competence of teachers who are alumni of Pelita Harapan University ¨C Faculty of Education.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2017, 5(4), 125-128. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-5-4-3
Pub. Date: December 18, 2017
5126 Views2041 Downloads2 Likes
Foreign Direct Investment as an Instrument to Promote Entrepreneurship in Algeria: Structural Analysis Using MICMAC Method
Original Research
This study aims to identify key variables controlling the evolution of Foreign Direct Investment inflows to Algeria using MICMAC method. After the listing of variables (both external and internal) and the analysis of the direct and indirect influence matrices, the key variables are Openness, access to free trade areas, general governance, regulation quality and lobbying.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2017, 5(4), 120-124. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-5-4-2
Pub. Date: November 30, 2017
5760 Views1541 Downloads4 Likes
The Impact of Wage and Labour Flexibility on Employers and Employees
Original Research
labour market flexibility, working time arrangements and work-life balance are important issues on the political agenda of many societies. The present paper captures the trade-off between the interests of employers and employees by adjusting working hours to the employee availability constraints. A theoretical model is developed in order to determine the ideal wage gap between full-time and part-time employees. The paper proposes a method of computing a "fair" wage rate for part-time employees that is driven by purely financial considerations which ensure that neither employers nor employees are penalized by the employment arrangement. The ideal wage that is identified can serve as a benchmark for a "justifiable" wage gap (also referred to as "wage differences") between part-time and full-time employees. Policymakers can rely upon the method presented for computing a "fair" wage rate for part-time employees. Another dimension of labour flexibility in the field of Human Resource Management is discussed in order to define an appropriate wage gap between part-time and full-time employees.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2017, 5(4), 108-119. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-5-4-1
Pub. Date: November 23, 2017
5771 Views1981 Downloads2 Likes