Volume 8, Issue 1

Can International Standards Discriminate the Corporate Social Responsibility/Irresponsibility? Empirical Evidence from Taiwan
Original Research
Existing studies have provided numerous guidelines for the implementation of corporate social responsibility (CSR). However, business leaders have been either confused or reluctant to take action largely due to the complicated process of applying CSR. To alleviate this problem, this study examined whether international standards can be considered a benchmark tool to implement CSR. Based on a literature review, four key dimensions that construct CSR were accountability, competitiveness, transparency, and responsibility, while the four main characteristics of international standards were auditing effectiveness, reputation establishment, information symmetry, and consumer awareness. The hypothesized model depicted that certification systems of International Standard (IS) sufficiently reflected the four dimensions of CSR. The results obtained from a discriminant analysis showed that international standards helped stakeholders distinguish between companies with and without CSR goals; in turn, these standards could be regarded as a feasible and optimal tool for companies to demonstrate their commitment to CSR.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2020, 8(1), 28-37. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-8-1-5
Pub. Date: March 15, 2020
4044 Views743 Downloads1 Likes
The Relationships between Healthy and Unhealthy Types of the Organizational Personality and Innovative Performance: A Comparison between Egyptian and International Organizations
Original Research
Background: The seven organizational personality types affect the innovative performance. This study was aimed to highlight the three healthy and four unhealthy types of the organizational personality and how it can improve the innovative performance with the comparison between Egyptian and international organizations in Egypt. Methods: A total of 200 questionnaires were included in this study (100 questionnaires for employees from Egyptian organizations and 100 questionnaires for employees from international organizational organizations in Egypt). Results: in this study, there is interaction between types of organizational personality and type of the organization on the effects of organizational personality on the innovative performance by 24% in the Egyptian organizations and by 14.8% in the international organizations in Egypt. Conclusions: There was a positive relation between the three heathy organizational personality types and the innovative performance in both local and international organizations in Egypt and there was a negative relation between the four unhealthy organizational personality types and the innovative performance in both local and international organizations in Egypt.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2020, 8(1), 21-27. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-8-1-4
Pub. Date: March 07, 2020
3816 Views609 Downloads2 Likes
A Human Centric Approach to Data Fusion in Post-Disaster Management
Original Research
Providing full and accurate information is crucial to the post-disaster management to enable the affected people access and obtain the resources needed, in a timely manner. An effective post-disaster management system (PDMS) has to ensure distribution of emergency resources, such as hospital, storage and transportation in a reasonable time so that affected papulation are properly benefited from it during the post-disaster period. In this paper we describe the overall approach to this research survey paper, to include, the different technologies, models, information systems and strategies presented by different researchers as the result of their work. The need for careful PDMS field analysis, searching ways for individuals to obtain necessary resources from PDMS and how a high-quality platform and intelligent models can be provided to acquire the most efficient information for decision-making in post-disaster situations. Examples are given of the research in: techniques for data collection and generation, modeling of hospital decision-making operations, and initial IF-THEN rule based concepts. We believe that this study is unique because it has used classification that has classified this survey in relation to the importance of technologies and the scientific ways on how to manage disasters.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2020, 8(1), 12-20. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-8-1-3
Pub. Date: January 20, 2020
9853 Views1629 Downloads4 Likes
An Optimal Production Policy Model Considering Defective Items in the Context of Carbon Tax Scheme
Original Research
Carbon tax scheme is one main low-carbon policy to curb carbon emission. This paper develops an optimal production policy model with defective items in a single production period under carbon tax scheme. We assume that the demand for perfect items is price-sensitive and environment-sensitive and the defective items can always be sold. Firstly, we get the optimal production policy and the maximum expected profit. Secondly, we analyze the effect of some parameters emphatically and the results show that when the tax rate is low, firm can’t utilize the optimal production policy unless the rate of perfect product is high. We also find that the optimal production lots may increases when the rate of perfect product increases and the profit may decreases in the same situation, which is inconsistent with intuition.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2020, 8(1), 7-11. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-8-1-2
Pub. Date: January 10, 2020
5138 Views951 Downloads2 Likes
Brain Science, Brain-inspired Artificial Intelligence, and Applications in Business and Management
Original Research
Brain science and brain-inspired artificial intelligence have the potential for strengthening business and management. Brain-inspired artificial intelligence (AI) uses principles of brain science to build algorithms and AI systems with human-like intelligence. Some concepts (e.g., cognition, inference, memory, and intelligence) and principles of brain science are introduced in this paper. The research progress in several topics are also presented that include brain-inspired artificial intelligence and brain-inspired computing, project management and brain-inspired management, the integration of brain science into leadership (especially crisis leadership), and brain-inspired decision-making for business. Future research and trends in some topics are introduced.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2020, 8(1), 1-6. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-8-1-1
Pub. Date: December 29, 2019
20239 Views14513 Downloads56 Likes