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Volume 8, Issue 2

Evaluation of the Operational Efficiency of Selected Senior and Vocational High Schools in Taiwan with DEA Meta-Frontier Approach: A Managerial Perspective
Original Research
This study aims to evaluate and compare the operational efficiency and technology gap of selected senior and vocational high schools in Taiwan under different teaching and learning levels based on the DEA meta-frontier approach. The empirical results show that these two types of high schools have different technology gap ratios (TGRs) or meta-technology ratios (MTRs). We also perform a statistical test to examine the evidence that there is a significant difference in the operating performance of these two types of schools and result shows evidence that the different operational performance of senior and vocational high schools is due to different characteristics/attributes. Regarding TGRs or MTRs, senior high schools outperform vocational high schools. A relatively low average TGRs or MTRs of vocational high schools mean that the existing technology in vocational high schools are not near the frontier of meta-technology and that there is more room for improvement in management skills or operational processes. These findings can also provide a reference for educational agencies or high schools when formulating policies and strategies on the efficiency of school operations.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2020, 8(2), 67-76. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-8-2-5
Pub. Date: June 03, 2020
4604 Views934 Downloads2 Likes
Long-run Relationship of Economic Growth with Consumption, Unemployment Rates and Saving Rates in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Vietnam
Original Research
The Keynesian macroeconomic model implies that household expenditures and savings have significant long-run impacts on economic growth by affecting total expenditures. Therefore, policymakers should determine and apply appropriate policies to maintain these variables. For this purpose, the long-run relationship of economic growth with consumption, unemployment and saving rates in Vietnam is analyzed with the time data method using annual data for the period 1996-2017. Consumption appears to have the most impact on economic growth in accordance with the estimation results of a co-integration test from an autoregressive distributed lag model (ARDL model). In long run, an increase of 1% in consumption expenditures decreases economic growth by 0.41%. A 1% increase in saving rates increases economic growth by 0.0009%. While an increase of 1% in unemployment rates decreases economic growth by 0.043%. Our results demonstrate that there exists only long run relationship among economic growth, consumption, saving and unemployment rates for Vietnam, but not in short run.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2020, 8(2), 61-66. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-8-2-4
Pub. Date: May 13, 2020
3740 Views795 Downloads
Best Practice Models for Enterprise Resource Planning Implementation and Security Challenges
Review Article
The objective of this study was to analyze the best practices that have to be adopted in implementing ERP. The study further sought to address security challenges faced in ERP implementation. The researcher used content analysis approach of a number of publications on the subject area of ERP implementation. This research makes use of secondary sources like books, academic journals and other online sources that speak about the best practices to be adapted for implementation of Enterprise resource planning systems for conducting the study. The findings showed that before an organization dives in implementing ERP, the following practices for successful implementation have to be considered: developing a plan with clear goals and objectives, gaining internal support and commitment, selecting the right software, allocating sufficient resources and training and change management. The study also established that integrating user management, internal controls, data and information management and reporting, compliance, and protection against internal and external threats associated with a single solution is a big challenge. The paper concludes that even though ERP is important to organisations, its implementation is challenging and organisations must prepare adequately to get it right.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2020, 8(2), 55-60. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-8-2-3
Pub. Date: April 27, 2020
3822 Views923 Downloads1 Likes
Explore the Relationship of Foreign Ownership and Corporate Performance in the ASEAN Countries over the US-China Trade War
Original Research
This paper aims to examine whether foreign ownership could improve corporate performance in four ASEAN countries amid the US-China trade war. To enrich our understanding the role of foreign ownership in emerging market enterprises, we adopt the weighted least squares (WLS) and fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) to provide robust and fruitful empirical evidences to both academics and practitioners. Our empirical results show that growth opportunity links the short-and long-term financial performance of listed firms in the ASEAN countries. Moreover, foreign ownership plays an important role on enhancing long-term performance for the firms in the ASEAN countries during the US-China trade war. The findings would fill in the gap on understanding the effect of the location shift of foreign investment during the trade war. The implications of the study would help the practitioners in managing their investment in the ASEAN countries during the US-China trade war.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2020, 8(2), 48-54. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-8-2-2
Pub. Date: April 27, 2020
3847 Views921 Downloads
Female Characteristics and Their New Roles in Leadership
Original Research
This study is to explore female leadership in business under the growing discussion regarding female power and the positive characteristics of women in leadership. The previous period in business has been the masculine period, where males have had the primary roles in leadership and work; However, with the increased education of women, and their new roles and skills in the various fields of work, the discussion regarding women's leadership has intensified as an important factor to help eliminate many of the problems that are associated with male attributes in leadership. This study will highlight the advantages of women’s essential participation in business, both practically and economically. It will highlight the female characteristics that are of benefit to the needs of the ever changing, innovative, flexible business world today. In this context, this study confirmed that female leadership still faces many challenges such as women and their stereotype at work, the glass ceiling phenomena, male alpha syndrome, and women and ethics.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2020, 8(2), 38-47. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-8-2-1
Pub. Date: April 10, 2020
3761 Views544 Downloads