Volume 9, Issue 2

The Impact of Covid-19 on the HR of the Educational Sector in UAE: A Case Study of Abdullah Bin Al Zubair Private School
Original Research
This research studies the impact of Covid-19 pandemic on the HR of the educational sector in UAE by taking the case study of Abdullah Bin Al Zubair Private School in Al Ain. The research is conducted through hypothesis testing, as well as the thematic analysis of interview survey. The methodology used for this research includes qualitative analysis of the interviews collected from four different members of the school, i.e. the Principal, HR Representative, Head of Department and a teacher. The interviews lead to the research findings that covid-19 pandemic does have an impact on the HR of UAE’s education sector, as it currently faces a lot of challenges in finding, hiring and retaining employees. Many businesses have laid off staff and cut salaries in order to reduce costs because of the financial crunch faced by all businesses, especially in the private sector. At the end, the research provides some of the recommendations that could be implanted by the HR of education institutes in order to improve their operational efficiency.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2021, 9(2), 84-91. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-9-2-5
Pub. Date: July 08, 2021
Analyzing an Industry 4 Roadmap as a Tool to Advance the Adoption of the Fourth Industrial Revolution in Developing Countries
Original Research
The objective of this paper is to analyze whether an Industry 4 Roadmap can be considered a successful tool in order to promote the fourth industrial revolution in companies in developing countries. As a case analysis Mexico’s roadmap was reviewed. First an overview of the particularities of the developing countries are stated, in order to present how Industry 4.0 can potentially affect said economies and why their case is different from other countries. Afterwards a comparison between the advantages and disadvantages of the industry 4 for the companies in a developing country is presented. Finally, Mexico’s Industry 4 Roadmap is briefly explained. The article concludes thar although a roadmap could appear as a useful tool, it is not enough, especially for the SMEs that represent the majority of companies in a country.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2021, 9(2), 81-83. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-9-2-4
Pub. Date: June 30, 2021
Electronic Procurement and Performance of Non-Governmental Organizations in Kenya. Empirical Evidence from Pathfinder International, Kenya
Original Research
This study explored how electronic procurement and performance of organizations is related. Electronic Procurement is very vital in achievement of organizations objectives. Electronic procurement involves more than online transactions. E-procurement delivers a very manageable and orderly method to provide a clear path in communicating with vendors during transactions. Despite their crucial role in improving people’s lives and alleviating poverty, most non-governmental organizations have been recording poor performance. The general objective of the study was to establish the relationship of electronic procurement and performance of organizations in non-governmental organizations in Kenya. The specific objectives for the study were to establish how e-sourcing, e-ordering, e-invoicing and e-payment relates to performance of an organization. This study was guided by four theories namely, Disruptive Innovation Theory, Diffusion of Innovation Theory, Technology Acceptance Model Theory and Theory of Planned Behavior. The study adopted descriptive research design. The target population for the study was 135 participants. Census survey was employed whereby the entire population of 135 procurement staff were required to participate. Both open ended and close ended questionnaires were used to collect primary data. The study collected data through drop and pick method. Validity of the questionnaire were tested using content validity whereas reliability was tested using Cronbach’s Alpha. Quantitative data was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics using SPSS Version 24 while qualitative data was analyzed using content analysis. Descriptive statistics was presented in frequency distributions tables and percentages. Inferential statistics such as correlation and regression were applied to assess the relationship between the independent and dependent variables. All ethical considerations were observed especially confidentiality, anonymity, consent and avoidance of biasness. The study revealed that there was a strong significant correlation between e-sourcing and performance, a medium significant correlation between e-ordering and performance, a strong significant correlation between e-invoicing and performance and a strong significant correlation between e-payment and performance. The study concluded that electronic procurement and performance of organizations was indeed related and it was recommended that all procurement systems be made mandatory and that the procurement teams be well trained on all systems used to ensure efficiency is achieved through use of e-procurement. The researcher suggested that further studies be conducted.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2021, 9(2), 71-80. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-9-2-3
Pub. Date: June 01, 2021
Exploring the Importance of Strategic Thinking to Strategic Planning in the Strategic Management Process
Review Article
The purpose of this paper was to explore the importance of strategic thinking to strategic planning in the strategic management process. It has been posited in this paper that, although the two concepts are interrelated, strategic thinking is different from strategic planning and each aspect makes a special contribution to the process of strategic management. Literature was reviewed to clarify the meaning of the two concepts as well as identify the importance of strategic thinking to strategic planning. Major findings revealed that strategic thinking is important in three different stages of the strategic planning: (1) before: Provides acumen, the raw material of strategic planning; (2) during: Prioritizes purposefully, makes trade-offs wisely and allocates limited resources intelligently; and (3) after: Determines key milestones so as to measure achievement. It is therefore critical for individuals as well as organizations to apply strategic thinking and strategic planning as two distinct but complementary concepts in order to benefit from specific inputs of each of them in the pursuit of personal or corporate goals.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2021, 9(2), 68-70. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-9-2-2
Pub. Date: May 30, 2021
Factors Affecting Willingness of Direct Care Workers to Engage in Elderly Care
Original Research
Direct care workers are the main workforce in long-term care in Taiwan. However, few direct care workers desire to enter or stay in this field. This study aims to explore the factors influencing direct care workers’ elderly care willingness. A cross-sectional design was used in the present study. Stratified random sampling was utilized to select samples from a southern city in Taiwan. Overall, 207 participants completed the questionnaire, including providing demographic data and answering all questions on the Older People Scale and the Willingness Toward Elderly Care Scale. An independent sample t-test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analyses were used to examine the associations among the study variables. Direct care workers’ elderly care willingness was significantly influenced by junior high school (β = .023, p = .047), hourly wage (β = .148, p = .037), and appearance and physical attitude toward older adults (β = .302, p = .002). These factors explained 15.4% of elderly care willingness. In conclusion, it is critical to cultivate positive attitudes toward older adults and nurture the appropriate understanding of aging to avoid stereotypes and enhance the willingness of direct care workers to care for older adults. Furthermore, providing a more flexible schedule and additional opportunities to receive better compensation will increase the care willingness of direct care workers. It is suggested that the on-the-job training about caring for older people that aims to develop positive attitudes toward older adults and awareness of age stereotypes are required. These findings provide critical information for the retention and recruitment of the workforce to care for older adults.
Journal of Business and Management Sciences. 2021, 9(2), 63-67. DOI: 10.12691/jbms-9-2-1
Pub. Date: May 27, 2021